Alexander as a pen name, was an Irish-born British cryptanalyst, chess player, and chess writer. In chess, he was twice British chess champion and earned the title of International Master. From ,.
The Society took over publication of Variant Chess, a chess variant magazine which had been published since ; the magazine ceased publication with the dissolution of the Society. The idea was the brainchild of William Ritson-Morry, who organized the inaugural event to take place in Birmingham, England.
Subsequently, it was held every two years until , when an annual schedule was adopted. In , a separate tournament for girls was established. Each FIDE member nation may select one entrant except for the host nation, which may select two. Some players are seeded into the tournament based on Elo rating and top finishes in previous championships.
The first championship was an round Swiss system tournament. In subsequent championships the entrants were divided into sections, and preliminary sectional tournaments were used to establish graded finals sections Final A, Final B, etc. Since the tournaments have retur.
Fairy Chess Review FCR was a magazine that was devoted principally to fairy chess problems but also included extensive original results on related questions in mathematical recreations such as knight's tours and polyominos under the title of "dissections" as well as much else, such as chess-related word puzzles. It appeared six times per year and nine volumes were published, from to The first two volumes were supported financially by the Falmouth businessman Charles Masson Fox who was also a problemist, who died in The editor from until August was Thomas.
The Problemist is a bimonthly chess problem magazine which has been in publication since January It originally had the subtitle "Proceedings of the British Chess Problem Society" but the words "Proceedings of" were dropped in January History and profile The foreword to the first issue, written by the editor T. Its origin lies in the desire to have a medium in which the Society, as a collection of units and as a unity, may give expression to its thoughts and life. Following a suggestion from Mr F. Alexander, at the last annual general meeting, I obtained quotations for printing this periodical which enabled me to formulate a practical scheme for its continuance within the limits of our income.
The scheme was unanimously adopted at a special meeting on Nov. Laws in the chair and I accepted the meetin.
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It was founded in and is based in the United Kingdom. TWIC quickly became popular with professional chess players, because it allowed them to quickly get results and game scores, where previously they had relied on print publications. It remains a popular site for up-to-date chess news. The Week in Chess. Retrieved 1 January The Week in Chess 1, Usenet newsgr. This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
Some of these have their own pages, like fork and pin.
For a list of unorthodox chess pieces, see Fairy chess piece; for a list of terms specific to chess problems, see Glossary of chess problems; for a list of chess-related games, see List of chess variants. A absolute pin A pin against the king is called absolute since the pinned piece cannot legally move out of the line of attack as moving it would expose the king to check. It may also describe an aggressive style of play. Envelope used for the adjournment of a match game Efim Geller vs. Bent Larsen, Copenhagen adjournment Suspension of a chess game with the intention to finish it later.
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It was once very common in high-level competition, often occurring soon after the first time control, but the practice has. Its editor is Jonathan Manley. The magazine includes humorous articles about chess. Retrieved 22 October Roderick Main 8 March SUNY Press. Chess set with extra black and white queens for promotion, 35th Chess Olympiad Promotion in chess is a rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth rank to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same color.
The choice of new piece is not limited to pieces previously captured, thus promotion can result in a player owning, for example, two or more queens despite starting the game with one.
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Since the queen is the most powerful piece, the vast majority of promotions are to a queen. Promotion to a queen is also called queening; promotion to any other piece is referred to as underpromotion Golombek If the promoted piece is not physically available, FIDE rules state that the player should stop the game clock and summon the arbiter for the correct piece. Under US Chess Federation rules and in casual play, an ups. Pawns An Albino is a type of chess problem, "in which, at some point in the solution, a white Pawn on its starting square makes each of its four possible moves forward one square, forward two squares, capture to the left, capture to the right.
It is by Cami. Magnus Carlsen vs. Levon Aronian at Linares Typical tournament crosstable, showing individual and total scores This article depicts many of the strongest chess tournaments in history. Introduction The following list is not intended to be an exhaustive or definitive record of tournament chess, but takes as its foundation the collective opinion of chess experts and journalists see references below over the strongest tournaments in history.
Events that merit inclusion have been largely judged according to the strength and relative strength in depth of their participants. The names of the tournament winners have been included n. John Denis Martin Nunn born 25 April in London is an English chess grandmaster, a three-time world champion in chess problem solving, a chess writer and publisher, and a mathematician.
He is one of England's strongest chess players and was formerly in the world's top ten. Education and early life As a junior, Nunn showed a prodigious talent for the game and in , at twelve years of age, he won the British under Championship. At the time, Nunn was Oxford's youngest undergraduate since Cardinal Wolsey in Nunn remained in Oxford as a mathematics lecturer until , when he became a professional chess.
Whyld was a strong amateur chess player, taking part in the British Chess Championship in and winning the county championship of Nottinghamshire. He subsequently made his living in information technology while writing books on chess and researching its history. He also researched more esoteric subjects, resulting in works such as Alekhine Nazi Articles on articles in favour of the Nazi Party supposedly written by world chess champion Alexander Alekhine, and the bibliographies Fake Automata in Chess and Chess Columns: A List From un.
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In chess, the player who moves first is referred to as "White" and the player who moves second is referred to as "Black". Similarly, the pieces that each conducts are called, respectively, "the white pieces" and "the black pieces". The pieces are often not literally white and black, but some other colors usually a light color and a dark color, respectively.
The 64 squares of the chessboard, which is colored in a checkered pattern, are likewise referred to as "white squares" or "light squares" on the one hand, and "black squares" or "dark squares" on the other. In most cases, the squares are not actually white and black, but a light color and a contrasting dark color. For example, the squares on plastic boards are often off-white "buff" and green, while those on wood boards are often light brown and dark brown.
In old chess writings, the sides are often called Red and Black, because those were the two colors of ink then commonly available when hand-drawing or printing chess position diagrams. History As. Double Chess board and initial setup. Pawns advance up to four squares on their first move. Double Chess is a chess variant invented by Julian S. Grant Hayward in The rules were published in the January issue of British Chess Magazine. Game rules The illustration shows the starting setup.
A player wins by checkmating either enemy king. Additional rules: Pawns have an initial up-to-four step option. En passant captures are permitted. A king may castle only on its own half of the board. As in standard chess, pawns promote upon reaching the furthest rank.
Capablanca vs. He was educated at Charterhouse School. He won the British Chess Championship in at Richmond, at his only appearance in the event.
Also in , he was the original co-author with John Herbert White of the famous chess book, Modern Chess Openings, which has gone into many editions up to the present day. He was the editor of the British Chess Magazine from to , and again for some months in By profession, he was a metallurgist for an assaying company. References British Chess Magazine, passim, particularly obit. The Times, 12 December , page 13 - obituary.
The British Chess Problem Society is considered the oldest chess problem society in the world. Officers elected were: President B. Laws, Treasurer H. Bernard, Auditor P. Williams, Secretary H. Errata are published here as soon as they become necessary. The society continued to publish this until the end of Volume 2 in June Volumes 1 to 7 of this magazine up to are available for viewing and downloading here. Select Fairy Chess Review from the menu on the left. An addendum to the Endgame Study Award, which was not published in the magazine, can be viewed by selecting Study Award Addendum from the menu on the left.
An abbreviated award was published in The Problemist , but the full award can be viewed by selecting Nottingham 2 Award from the menu on the left. Here I came to interview Boris Spassky just three days before his 60th birthday. He reminiscences about his life, his chess career, his rivals and friends.